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Wednesday, 10 July 2019


Human beings are constantly confronted with change because their current situation is continually being questioned. In order to change the way humans behave, it is necessary to change the mind-set of those who will be influenced by new ideas. Cross River University of Technology faces a dilemma because the current management of its employee attendance is having a negative impact on its daily operations – service delivery is becoming an increasingly serious concern because the inability to manage employees’ daily attendance results in inefficient and ineffective rendering of services to citizens. This research addresses the question of whether the change from a manual attendance register to a biometric time and attendance system would more effectively ensure the availability of Cross River University of Technology employees to improve basic service delivery. Moreover, the Cross River University of Technology faces concerns the monitoring of employees on a daily basis, including the availability of an attendance register for audit purposes. It was established that the use of the manual attendance register caused certain problems, although it has served a monitoring purpose for more than 10 years. Some respondents requested the implementation of an electronic system with real-time capability to remove any doubt concerning the confirmation of employee attendance.

Chapter One
1.1 Background of Study
Time and attendance systems (TNA) are used to track and monitor when employees start and stop work. A time and attendance system enables an employer to monitor their employees working hours and late arrivals, early departures, time taken on breaks and absenteeism.[1] It also helps to control labor costs by reducing over-payments, which are often caused by paying employees for time that are not working, and eliminates transcription error, interpretation error and intentional error. TNA systems can also be used to ensure compliance with labor regulations regarding proof of attendance. Traditionally manual systems were used that rely on paper cards which have times stamped onto them using a time stamping machine. Such machines were used for over a century but have since been phased out and replaced with cheaper automated systems which eliminate the need for payroll staff to manually input employee hours. Modern automated time and attendance systems require employees to touch or swipe to identify themselves and record their working hours as they enter or leave the work area. Originally this consisted of using a RFID electronic tag or a barcode badge but these have been replaced by biometrics (vein reader, hand geometry, fingerprint, or facial recognition), and touch screens devices.

Chapters: 1 - 5
Delivery: Email
Number of Pages: 75

Price: 5000 NGN
In Stock


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